Friends and Supporters of Article 9,
are pleased to send you some information about the Global Article 9
Campaign to Abolish War's recent activities and related developments.
|SAVE THE DATE: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON JAPAN'S ARTICLE 9, COSTA RICA'S ARTICLE 12 AND ARTICLE 26 OF THE UN CHARTER
year after the Global Article 9 Conference to Abolish War that was held
in May 2008 in Japan, an international follow-up event will take place
in July this year in Costa Rica.
upcoming conference will not only focus on Japan's Article 9 but also
on Article 12 of Costa Rica's Constitution, which abolishes the army as
an institution, as well as on the link between these peace clauses and
Article 26 of the United Nations that calls for "the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments" with the "least diversion ... of the world's human and economic resources" for armaments "in order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security".
of its history of using military budget for education after disbanding
their army, Costa Rica initiated a debate in the UN Security Council on
military sending and collective security in November 2008.
two days, participants from Costa Rica, Japan and beyond will discuss
the significance of this initiative at the UN, explore ways civil
society follows it up at the global level and mainstream the shift of
resources from the military to peace and security, while preserving and
strengthening Japan's Article 9 and Costa Rica's Article 12.
The conference will take place in Costa Rica, on July 9-10, 2009. More details to follow shortly.
|MESSAGES FOR PEACE, DISARMAMENT AND CONFIDENCE-BUILDING IN NORTHEAST ASIA IN THE CONTEXT OF THE NORTH KOREAN MISSILE LAUNCH
April 16-20, two important events were held in Seoul: the International
Conference against the Asia Pacific Missile Defense and for the End of
the Arms Race, and the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed
Conflict's (GPPAC) Northeast Asia Regional Steering Group meeting.
Planned long ago, these two separated but linked meetings
took place in the context of the North Korean missile launch on April
5, which has made initiatives by GPPAC Northeast Asia, with its focus
on the "Civil Society Six-Party Talks" as a framework for conflict
prevention and peacebuilding in the region, a matter of urgency.
at the GPPAC meeting expressed concerns at Japan's excessive response
and stressed the need for a calm and coordinated regional multilateral
dialogue on security, centered on the Six-Party Talks in order to
promote common disarmament and confidence building in the region.
Focal Point pointed at President Ma's missiles withdrawal from the
Taiwan Strait and his invitation to the other side of the Strait to
follow as example showing how common disarmament and
confidence-building is possible in the region.
reiterated some of the fundamental messages of the 2005 GPPAC Northeast
Asia Regional Action Agenda, namely the need to end the Cold War
structures remaining in Northeast Asia to create a sustainable peace
mechanism grounded in the principles of nonviolence and human security.
this context, the use of Article 9 of Japan's Constitution was praised
as the foundation for Northeast Asian security, including its three
fundamental principles of renunciation of war, no maintenance of
military or other war potential, and the right for people to live in
the GPPAC meeting and the International Conference against the Asia
Pacific Missile Defense insisted on the need to address the root causes
of the situation and on the major role civil society has to play in
addressing the tensions and help resolve the conflict. It was thus
agreed it was necessary to maintain and enhance communication channels
with North Korea and that the possibility that Northeast Asian civil
society groups visit the country will be explored further.
joint statement, adopted by the Korea Organizing Committee, the Global
Network, and GPPAC Northeast Asia on 17 April 2009 at the issue of the
Missile Defense conference pointed out that the rocket launch should be
regarded "as a byproduct of both a divided Korean peninsula and the
arms race in the Asia Pacific" and "reveals the utmost need and urgency
for placing confidence building and normalization of relations among
nations, as well as cooperative mutual disarmament, on top of our
Further, the document expressed concerns that
"militaristic approach is a worn-out strategy obstructing prevention
and peaceful settlement of conflict and a losing hand triggering a
vicious cycle of global arms race" in the region and denounced how the
"US missile defense system in the Asia Pacific...fueling an arms race
in the Asia Pacific... [that] risks undermining the war-renouncing
Article 9 of Japan's peace constitution, a key foundation for peace and
security in the Asia-Pacific region."
the statement by expressing their resolution to "act jointly against
the missile defense system and the arms race which impede the peace and
security of the Korean Peninsula, East Asia, and the international
To read more about the 2009 GPPAC Northeast
Asia Regional Steering Group meeting, click here.
visit the International Conference against the Asia Pacific Missile
Defense and for the End of the Arms Race's website run by the Global
Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space, here.
| INTERNATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY AGENCY (IRENA) LAUNCHED
January 2009, Germany, together with Denmark and Spain, launched the
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in Bonn with 75 nations
who signed its founding statute.
world's hopes newly raised by inspiring statements from prominent
leaders urging the elimination of nuclear weapons, including Presidents
Obama and Medvedev's promise to work for "a nuclear free world", the
newly established IRENA could actually enable us to realistically
fulfill the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)'s mission for nuclear
Throughout the years at numerous NPT conferences
at the UN, NGOs have warned states parties that the spread of nuclear
energy spells disaster for efforts to control the proliferation of
nuclear weapons or to mitigate the impacts of climate change,
threatening the very future of humanity's existence.
while the NPT guarantees to States that agree to abide by its terms not
to acquire nuclear weapons an inalienable right to so-called peaceful
nuclear technology, it is highly questionable whether such a right can
ever be appropriately conferred on a State.
Just as the signing
of the Comprehensive Test Ban abrogated the right to peaceful nuclear
explosions guaranteed in Article V of the NPT, many in the nuclear
weapons abolition movement now seek the adoption of a protocol to the
NPT mandating participation in IRENA, which would supersede the Article
IV right to "peaceful" nuclear technology.
could not have been timelier as the world wrestles with the twin crises
of nuclear proliferation and global warming.
Since IRENA is
the Greek word for peace, this auspicious initiative is particularly
well-named as the Agency is designed to spread the fruits of clean,
safe sustainable energy, enabling the planet to avoid nuclear
proliferation and catastrophic climate change and assist developing
countries to access the abundant free energy resources provided by our
Universal enrollment in IRENA,
coupled with a moratorium on new reactors and fuel production, while
phasing out nuclear power by relying on safe, renewable energy, must
become an integral part of the good faith negotiations required to
eliminate nuclear weapons.
Therefore, we urge every nation to
join IRENA by signing its founding statute and to forego or phase out
deadly nuclear technology. It's time to give peace a chance!
Visit IRENA's website, here.
Read IRENA's founding statute, here.
Find the list of IRENA's signatories, here.
To learn more about the issue generally, read "A Sustainable Energy Future is Possible Now", 2006
We thank Alice Slater, a founder of Abolition 2000 and the NY Director of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, for her contribution to this article.
|ARTICLE 9 EVENT IN TORONTO
mark the 62nd anniversary of the enforcement of the Constitution of
Japan, an event on the global significance of Article 9 will be held on
May 15 at the University of Toronto, Canada.
Junkerman's acclaimed documentary "Japan's Peace Constitution," will be
screened. The film features international scholars and activists,
including U.S. media critic Noam Chomsky and Chinese filmmaker Ban
Zhongyi. Commentaries by author Joy Kogawa and Hiroshima survivor
Setsuko Thurlow will follow the movie, as well as a presentation by Dr.
Peter Kuznick about his work helping Americans face their past crimes,
particularly the use of atomic-bombs against Japan, and the implication
of Article 9 for a nuclear-free world.
by the Department of Sociology and Equity Studies in Education/OISE and
supported by Vancouver Save Article 9 and the Peace Philosophy Centre,
the event will be moderated by Satoko Norimatsu and David McIntosh, who
will also talk about some of the activities and experiences of the
Article 9 movement in Vancouver.
Date and Time: May 15, 2009 from 6:30 - 9:30 PM
Location: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto (OISE), 252 Bloor Street West (St. George Subway)
For more information about the event, please visit the Peace Philosophy Centre's blog, here.
To learn more about John Junkerman's "Japan's Peace Constitution", visit ICARUS Films' website, here.
Thank you for your interest in and support for the
Global Article 9 Campaign to Abolish War.
| Newsletter Editor:
Global Article 9 Campaign to Abolish War / Peace Boat