Friends and Supporters of Article 9,
are pleased to send you some information about the Global Article 9
Campaign to Abolish War's recent activities and related developments.
|PEACE BOAT'S HIBAKUSHA VOYAGE RETURNS - PROJECT CONTINUES
four months of intense activities, the 103 Hibakusha (Atomic Bomb
Survivors) of Hiroshima and Nagasaki returned to Japan in January.
September, they travelled all over the world to share their stories,
give testimonies and generate exchange with over 2000 people including
street children, young students, elderly citizens, victims of wars,
indigenous people, grassroots groups, activists, NGOs, local mayors,
parliamentarians, high level government officials, and more. All along,
Hibakusha carried the message enshrined in Article 9.
addition to extensive interactions with the 600 Peace Boat passengers
onboard, Hibakusha visited schools, hospitals and city halls, from
Greece to Easter Island, New York to Ecuador, to give testimonies
and educate younger generations about the dangers of war and nuclear
weapons. In Venezuela, a delegation met with the Minister of Education
to discuss developing an official education curriculum for nuclear
Setsuko Thurlow, who was 13 when the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and
who received the Order of Canada in 2007 for her service to
anti-nuclear campaigning, explains: "I don't tell my stories for
sympathy; we are all responsible for the world. We are passing messages
around the world."
Onboard the ship itself was also an
important venue for the testimonies. Many of the Hibakusha had never
publicly told their stories and memories before. Peace Boat helped them
create a space for communication. Filmmakers Erika Bagnarello of
Costa Rica and Kunimoto Takashi of Japan spent time with them,
recording video footage and documenting their testimonies to ensure
that history is passed onto future generations.
People to People Diplomacy
Hibakusha participated in a number of exchange programs in the ports.
In Viet Nam, they spent time with victims of Agent Orange; in India,
they held workshops with street children; they met with victims of
nuclear tests in the Pacific in Tahiti, impoverished communities in
Peru, indigenous people of Aotearoa/New Zealand, survivors of the
Pacific War in Papua New Guinea, and more.
interactions, they shared their own stories and memories directly with
people throughout the world. They also learned the realities of others,
and built ties with them to work together as citizens of the world
toward the abolition of nuclear weapons, the realization of permanent
peace and the achievement of sustainable development for all.
and in ports, Hibakusha relentlessly raised their voice to remind the
world about the horrors of atomic bombs and issued wakeup calls for the
immediate necessity of nuclear disarmament so that no one ever has to
experience what they have lived through.
In Spain and Greece,
they issued statements to the nations of the European Union calling for
renewed disarmament efforts and a nuclear free Europe; in India, they
called for the freeze of nuclear development; in Sydney, they submitted
a letter commending the creation of the Australia-Japan initiated
International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (ICNND); in New York they addressed the First Committee of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament and met with Sergio Duarte, UN Special Representative on Disarmament and Tarui Sumio, Ambassador of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament; and more.
In cooperation with Mayors for Peace, they recruited 27 new cities to join the initiative and collected 25 new endorsements of the Hiroshima/Nagasaki Protocol, which calls for the total abolition of nuclear weapons by 2020. They
also met with parliamentarians, government officials and public figures.
all of their statements and appearances, the Hibakusha's appeal for "No
more Hibakusha, No more Hiroshima/Nagasaki, No more Wars" embodied the
spirit of Article 9 and promoted the Campaign.
Outcomes and Future of the Project
the voyage, the project received excellent positive reactions by local
people and prompted extensive media coverage. In light of the positive
impact this first Hibakusha voyage has had in terms of contributing to
build a political consensus for a nuclear-weapon-free world, Peace Boat
decided to continue its Hibakusha Project into 2009.
to the project's success, a delegation of Hibakusha was invited to
participate in the second meeting of the ICNND held in Washington on
February 14-15 and give testimonies to the Commission.
experience revitalized the Hibakusha movement, and built bridges
between Hibakusha and young people. So much so that Peace Boat decided
to invite Hibakusha to participate in its Summer 2009 voyage, during
which they will be paired with young students from Japan, Europe, the
US and beyond to perpetuate such intergenerational exchanges.
documentary produced from the first voyage will be officially released
and screened at the plenary session of the International Conference of
Mayors for Peace in Nagasaki in August. It will then be promoted
worldwide as an advocacy tool for nuclear abolition, as part of the
Global Article 9 Campaign to Abolish War.
Read more about Peace Boat's Hibakusha Project and find Hibakusha's testimonies on Peace Boat's website here, or on the site of the Hiroshima Peace Media Center, here and here.
Picture Credit: Peace Boat
Hibakusha posing in front of the Article 9 Monument in Las Palmas, Spain
Delegation of Hibakusha in front of UN Headquarters in New York
|BOLIVIA ADOPTS NEW PEACE CONSTITUTION
January 25, Bolivia enacted a new constitution, in which the country
defines itself as a "pacifist state" that "rejects all wars of
aggression as an instrument to solve differences and conflicts between
states" and "promotes a culture of peace" and "cooperation between the
peoples of the region and the world."
Furthermore, following Ecuador's example, Article 10 prohibits the existence of foreign military bases on Bolivian soil.
equitable development, the new charter guarantees the Bolivian people
the rights to water, food, education, health care, housing, retirement,
electricity, telecommunications, and other basic services.
the first time in the history of Latin America, and in the world, basic
services, water, electricity, telephone are now a human right, they
will be a public service not a private business," President Evo Morales
said in his speech.
rights activists and feminist groups welcome the fact that the
constitution empowers the country's indigenous majority by promoting
their rights and recognizing the country's many autochthonous
ethnicities. It also significantly improves women's rights.
Article 10 of the new Bolivian Constitution reads as follow:
Bolivia is a pacifist State, which promotes a culture of peace and the
right to peace, as well as cooperation among peoples of the region and
the world, in order to contribute to mutual understanding, equitable
development and the promotion of interculturalism, with full respect
for the sovereignty of states.
Bolivia rejects any war of aggression as a way of settling disputes and
conflicts between states, and reserves the right to self-defense in
case of aggression that compromises the independence and integrity of
III. It prohibits the installation of foreign military bases on Bolivian soil.
|"WARFARE OR WELFARE: DISARMAMENT OR PEACE, HUMAN SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT IN 21ST CENTURY INDIA"
about 600 arms companies and 30 defense ministers from all over the
world were gathering in Bangalore for the Aero India 2009 Exhibition,
NGOs organized a three-day event on disarmament for peace, human
security and development.
The event, organized by the Control
Arms Foundation of India (CAFI), the Foundation for Educational
Innovation in India (FEDINA), Christ University, and the Swedish Peace
and Arbitration Society (SPAS) advocated for an arms trade treaty and
called for a 10% reduction of military expenditures to be invested
instead in areas like social security, health and education.
a country where 900 million people lack social security protection, a
demand for unilateral 10 percent reduction in military expenditure is
not a big deal, they said. And if less money was spent globally on the
military, more resources would be available for tackling poverty.
200 participants, including students, grassroots activists and
marginalized groups from the South of the country attended a series of
presentations, roundtables, workshops and discussions, as well as peace
vigils and protests against the Aero show.
representative of the Global Article 9 Campaign presented the campaign
in the framework of a session named "Learning from Experience
Worldwide: Campaign on Disarmament and Development - Human Security in
Action", as an example of how civil society can use specific local
experiences to contribute successfully to the global debate.
of SPAS spoke of the efforts undertaken in Sweden, FEDINA described its
work in India, and a statement by the International Peace Bureau showed
how all these initiatives are part of an international movement for
peace, disarmament, nuclear abolition and global justice.
Find the program and a concept paper on the official website of the conference here.
Also see CAFI's website here; FEDINA's here; and SPAS' here (in Swedish).
To read more about the 10% Option, please see Freres des Hommes' website, here.
Also read about IPB's Sustainable Disarmament for Sustainable Development Campaign, here.
|REPORT FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT (ICNND) MEETING
On February 13-15, the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (ICNND) held its second meeting.
of the Commission met with key members of the new US administration,
including Vice President Joseph Biden, National Security Advisor Jim
Jones, and Chairman of the Senate's Committee on Foreign Relations John
These meetings offered the Commission an opportunity to
encourage the US administration to work on the five following
- ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
- push the negotiations toward a Fissile Materials Cut-off Treaty (FMCT) forward
advance the US-Russia negotiations for the renewal, replacement or
extension of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) before it
expires on December 5, 2009
- conduct strategic dialogues with Russia and China, including on the missile defense issue, and
review nuclear posture and declare that the sole role of nuclear
weapons is to deter nuclear weapons of others (i.e. no first use).
According to the Commission's Co-Chairs, initial reactions from the US were generally positive.
Advisors to the Co-Chairs Tilman Ruff from International Campaign to
Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) and Kawasaki Akira from Peace Boat have
been pushing the Commission to include discussions on the Nuclear
Weapons Convention - a priority identified by both the Global Article 9
Declaration to Abolish War and the Global Article 9 Statement to the
The NGO Advisors are also calling on the Commission to hold
a side event during the upcoming NPT PrepCom in April, so as to have
meaningful discussions with NGOs who will come from all over the world
to attend the event.
The Commission will hold its third
meeting in Moscow mid-June and its fourth meeting in Hiroshima
mid-October. It plans to publish its final report at the end of this
year or early 2010, so as to target the 2010 NPT Review Conference.
the Joint Statement made by Gareth Evans and Yoriko Kawaguchi on the
Conclusion of the Second Meeting of the International Commission on
Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament, here.
For a NGO perspective, see ICAN's media statement, here.
You can find the Global Article 9 Declaration to Abolish War here, as well as the Global Article 9 Statement to the NPT here.
| CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS
We would like to invite supporters of the Global Article 9 Campaign to share with us reports
of activities and calls for actions related to the Campaign. From a
conference, to a sign-on letter or a protest, please send us
information at firstname.lastname@example.org.
newsletter is a great forum to keep ourselves informed of the many
initiatives taking place around the world - let's use it!
Thank you for your interest in and support for the
Global Article 9 Campaign to Abolish War.
| Newsletter Editor:
Global Article 9 Campaign to Abolish War / Peace Boat